Raised Band: A raised, horizontal band across the spine of
a book. Prior to early in the 19th century when books were bound by hand, two or more leather bands
were stretched across the spine of a book and a cord was tied to each side of each band. These cords
were stretched across the front and back boards and tightly tied to the
Foreedge of each board as shown in
Figure 20. The leather binding was then molded around the raised bands concealing the cords as seen in
After this "tying up" period ended with the introduction of
Case Binding, the appearance of raised band
remained popular and are still used today as a purely decorative device.
Reading Copy: A copy of a book in Fair to Poor condition you
would buy only for the purpose of reading or using as a reference due to it undesirable condition.
If the book in better condition were collectible, and worth the investment, such a book might be a
candidate for rebinding. Generally, however, such a book is a sad case of heavy wear, use and abuse
which has the single virtue of possessing at least all of its text pages.
Rebound: A book that no longer has the original binding or
covering from the publisher. Instead the pages have been rebound into a new covering.
Recto: The right-hand (front) side of a leaf in a bound book. Also called the
Release Date: Very similar to the
Date of Publication, but implies
a more specific date announced in advanced by the publisher when the book will be available for sale.
Remainder: When a book is overstocked in the inventory
of a publisher, and has ceased to sell, a publisher may depose of the unsold copies by remaindering,
i.e. selling them to book distributor or booksellers at a heavy discount which may even be below
cost. Also called Publisher�s Overstock.
Remainder Mark: Many publishers mark the bottom or top edges
of books which they have sold as remainders to identify a book as having been discounted. The marks include
lines made with a marker pen, ink stamps, and even speckling with spray paint. Remainder marks destroy a book's
collectibility even if it is otherwise in "as new" condition.
Reverse: The left-hand (back) side of a
Leaf in a bound book. Also called the
Rubbed: Wear or scuffing on some part of a book's
extremes, or edges. The origin of the expression is that the wear is due to the rubbing the book has experienced
during frequent re-shelvings, but the expression has been generalize to reference the results rather than the
source of rubbing. Rubbing can be light or heavy. At its worse, rubbing may have exposed the cardboard beneath
the layer of cloth or paper covering the boards; and the corners may have become rounded. More serious wear
(scuffs, scrapes, or similar defects) due to abuse more than use are not properly covered by this term and
should be described separately.