Collation: (1) In descriptive bibliography, the detailed inspection
and description of the non-binding portion of a book regarding the presence and the sequential position of each
page or leaf, including both Arabic and Roman numbered pages, unnumbered pages or leaves, etc. For book collectors,
the relevance of giving a book's collation relates to either establishing a book's
Priority among various
Editions, or determining if a book is
complete as originally issued. The notations for collations get rather complex sometimes
but a rather simple example would be:
"[i-v], vi, [vii-viii], , 10-172, blank" which states that between the endpapers the book begins with 5
unnumbered "[ ]" preliminary pages, has a page numbered "vi" followed by 2 unnumbered preliminary pages,
9 unnumbered text pages, text pages numbered 10 thru 172, and ends with a blank page.
(2) Sometimes used to refer to the process of collecting and ordering the
before they are sewn together and bound so that the leaves of the book will have the correct sequence.