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March 5, 2015

Literary Landmarks: Tomb of Omar Khayyam

Tomb of Omar Khayyam Omar Khayyam, born 1048 in Nishapur, North Eastern Iran, was a major mathematician and astronomer of the medieval period. He is the author of one of the important treatises on algebra written before modern times, the Treatise on Demonstration of Problems of Algebra (1070), which includes a geometric method for solving cubic equations by intersecting a hyperbola with a circle. His significance as a philosopher has not received the same attention as his scientific and poetic writings. Outside of Persian speaking countries, Khayyam may be best known for his poetry in the Rubaiyat of Omar Khayyam first translated into English by Edward FitzGerald in 1859. Omar Khayyam died in 1131 and is buried in the Khayyam Garden at the mausoleum of Imamzadeh Mahruq in Nishapur, the city of his birth.

For more information click here: Omar Khayyam Mausoleum, or click here for books by Omar Khayyam and here for Persian Literature.

On This Day:
  • Australia: Eight Hour Day or Labor Day. Celebrates 19th Century trade union efforts to limit working hours. Their slogan: "Eight hours labor, eight hours recreation, eight hours rest!"
  • Samuel Colt makes the first production-model revolver, 1836
  • George Westinghouse patents the railroad air brake, now used also on trucks, buses, and amusement park rides, 1872
  • Supermarine Spitfire single-seat fighter plane prototype makes its first flight, 1936
  • Country music singer Patsy Cline (1932-1963) dies in an airplane crash, 1963
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Today's Birthdays:

  • William Oughtred (1574-1660), British mathematician, credited with the invention of the slide rule and introduction of the "x" symbol for multiplication
  • Jacques Babinet (1794-1872), French physicist, mathematician, astronomer, and meteorologist, most famous for his contributions to optics
  • Sir Charles Wyville Thomson (1830-1882), Scottish naturalist and pioneering marine biologist, known for his studies of biological conditions of the deep seas
  • Charles Goodnight (1836-1929), American cowboy, Texas Ranger, and cattle rancher, inventor of the "chuckwagon"
Browse our stock in Mathematics, Astronomy, Meteorology, Microscopy, or Optics, Ocean Bioregion, Oceanography, Ranching, Cowboys, Texas Cowboys and Texas Rangers, or search your favorite topic Here.
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