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March 3, 2015

Literary Landmarks: Tomb of Omar Khayyam

TheMount Omar Khayyam, born 1048 in Nishapur, North Eastern Iran, was a major mathematician and astronomer of the medieval period. He is the author of one of the important treatises on algebra written before modern times, the Treatise on Demonstration of Problems of Algebra (1070), which includes a geometric method for solving cubic equations by intersecting a hyperbola with a circle. His significance as a philosopher has not received the same attention as his scientific and poetic writings. Outside of Persian speaking countries, Khayyam may be best known for his poetry in the Rubaiyat of Omar Khayyam first translated into English by Edward FitzGerald in 1859. Omar Khayyam died in 1131 and is buried in the Khayyam Garden at the mausoleum of Imamzadeh Mahruq in Nishapur, the city of his birth.

For more information click here: Omar Khayyam Mausoleum, or click here for books by Omar Khayyam and here for Persian Literature.

On This Day:
  • Bulgaria National Holiday (Liberation Day)
  • Hinamatsuri (The Doll Festival) observed in Japan
  • Woman Suffrage Parade Attacked (Anniversary): In 1913 in Washington, 5,000 women and their supporters were spit upon, struck in the face and pelted with burning cigar stubs while police looked on
  • American Telephone and Telegraph Company incorporated in New York state, 1885
  • "The Star Spangled Banner" is adopted officially as the U.S. national anthem, 1931
  • TIME, first weekly news magazine in the U.S., is published, 1923
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Today's Birthdays:

  • George Mortimer Pullman (1831-1897), American inventor and industrialist, developer of the Pullman Sleeper railroad sleeping car
  • Georg Cantor (1845-1918), German mathematician, created naive set theory
  • Alexander Graham Bell (1847-1922), Scottish-Canadian-American scientist and inventor, widely considered to be the inventor of the telephone
  • Ira Glass (b. 1959), American public radio personality, best known as producer and host of This American Life
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