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Authors Born Today
March 31
John FOWLES
(b. 1926)
English novelist
Marge PIERCY
(b. 1936)
American poet and novelist

R.I.P.
Tomas Transtromer
1931-2015

Ellen Conford
1942-2015

Valentin Rasputin
1937-2015

Terry Pratchett
1948-2015

Mal Peet
1947-2015
   

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March 31, 2015

Literary Landmarks: Tomb of Omar Khayyam

Tomb of Omar Khayyam Omar Khayyam, born 1048 in Nishapur, North Eastern Iran, was a major mathematician and astronomer of the medieval period. He is the author of one of the important treatises on algebra written before modern times, the Treatise on Demonstration of Problems of Algebra (1070), which includes a geometric method for solving cubic equations by intersecting a hyperbola with a circle. His significance as a philosopher has not received the same attention as his scientific and poetic writings. Outside of Persian speaking countries, Khayyam may be best known for his poetry in the Rubaiyat of Omar Khayyam first translated into English by Edward FitzGerald in 1859. Omar Khayyam died in 1131 and is buried in the Khayyam Garden at the mausoleum of Imamzadeh Mahruq in Nishapur, the city of his birth.

For more information click here: Omar Khayyam Mausoleum, or click here for books by Omar Khayyam and here for Persian Literature.

On This Day:
  • Freedom Day in Malta
  • In response to the Boston Tea Party, British Parliament passes the Boston Port Act ordering the port of Boston closed, 1774
  • Eiffel Tower is inaugurated in Paris, becoming the world's tallest tower, 1889
  • Professor Albert Einstein arrives in New York to give a lecture on his new theory of relativity, 1921
  • At midnight Newfoundland becomes the tenth province of Canada, 1949
  • Amnesty International is founded in London by Peter Benenson and Eric Baker, 1961
  • Soviet Union launches Luna 10, the first spacecraft to orbit the moon, 1966
Browse our stock of titles on Europe, Revolution Era U.S. History, Paris and Europe Travel or Tourist Attractions, Relativity, Newfoundland, Non Government Organizations, and Space Exploration or Spacecraft, or search your favorite topic Here.

Today's Birthdays:

  • Rene Descartes (1596-1650), French mathematician, scientist, and philospher
  • Nikolai Gogol (1809-1852), Ukrainian-born Russian writer (The Inspector General, Dead Souls)
  • Nikolai Przhevalsky (1839-1888), Russian geographer and explorer, discovered the species of primitive wild horse known as Przhevalsky's horse during expeditions in the mountain regions between Tibet and Mongolia
  • Octavio Paz (1914-1998), Mexican diplomat and writer, Nobel Prize laureate
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